Luangwa Valley Zambia

About Zambia

Out and about in the country

Zambia Facts

Full name: Republic of Zambia
Population: 13.2 million (UN, 2010)
Capital: Lusaka
Area: 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles)
Major languages: English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga - but there are over 70 distinct languages and even more dialects within Zambia.
Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Hinduism, Islam
Monetary unit: 1 Kwacha = 100 ngwee
Main exports: Copper, minerals, tobacco


The indigenous hunter-gatherer occupants of Zambia began to be displaced or absorbed by more advanced migrating tribes about 2,000 years ago. The major waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants began in the 15th century and came primarily from the Southern Congo and Northern Angola.

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The Culture

Zambia is a large landlocked country located in Southern Central Africa. With just over 13 million inhabitants - it is quite sparsely populated.

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The Economy

Zambia is one of Sub-Saharan Africa's most highly urbanised countries. About one-half of the country's 13 million people are concentrated in a few urban zones strung along the major transportation corridors. Rural areas are under-populated and unemployment is a problem throughout the country.

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The Language

Zambia has a great many tribes and being a geographically large Nation, its people are from all over Central and Southern Africa. Perhaps because of the number of tribes represented in Zambia there is no single group of people that feels they are superior in either strength of numbers or historic tradition.

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